The average rainfall is about 1 millimeter (0.04 inches) a year, and some parts of the Atacama have never had rain in recorded history. There are hundreds of peaks more than 4,500 meters (15,000 feet) tall, many of which are volcanic. If you traveled across Caribbean South America, you would pass through a variety of climate zones. © 1996 - 2020 National Geographic Society. Save. one of the seven main land masses on Earth. South America can be divided into three physical regions: mountains and highlands, river basins, and coastal plains. South American Map - Physical Map of South America Zoom Map Description: The Physical Map of South America showing major geographical features like elevations, mountain ranges, deserts, seas, lakes, plateaus, peninsulas, rivers, plains, landforms and other topographic features. The Gulf of Mexico lies to the south. 32. Played 97 times. Solo Practice. entire river system or an area drained by a river and its tributaries. South America has some of the most diverse physical geography of any continent. More than 2 million species of insects are native to the region, including hundreds of spiders and butterflies. Physical Features of South America learn by taking a quiz; Online quiz to learn Physical Features of South America; Your Skills & Rank. Terms in this set (15) Andes. Asia is the largest of the world’s continents. The vertical convection also results in a net export of heat and freshwater from the lower atmosphere into the troposphereThis syste… Along with the Uruguay River, the Paraná River empties into the Rio de la Plata estuary between Argentina and Uruguay. South America is the fourth largest continent in size and the fifth largest when we consider population. Regions are the basic units of geography. Aconcagua is the tallest mountain outside Asia. As a continent, South America is larger in physical area than Europe, Antarctica, or Australia but is smaller in physical area than Africa or Asia. To the nature enthusiast, South America is a top-tier destination. You cannot download interactives. In southeastern Mexico, separates the Caribbean Sea from the Gulf of Mexico-separates the region of Central America from the rest of North America. While Atacama lacks flora and fauna, it is a rich source of copper and a chief source of revenue for the Chilean economy. Spell. Physical Features of South America learn by taking a quiz; Online quiz to learn Physical Features of South America; Your Skills & Rank. - the pacific ocean to the west. flow of water descending steeply over a cliff. Physical Features Three Physical Regions Andes Mountains Plains Lowlands and Plateaus of … South American coastal plains are found on the northeastern coast of Brazil, on the Atlantic Ocean, and the western, Pacific coast of Peru and Chile. top layer of the Earth's surface where plants can grow. South America’s physical geography, environment and resources, and human geography can be considered separately.South America can be divided into three physical regions: mountains and highlands, river basins, and coastal plains. Caribbean South America Physical Geography First up, Physical Features located in Caribbean South America: The Orinoco River Basin are vast plains called the Llanos Located in the west of Caribbean South America are the Andes, these mountains form a three-pronged cordillera and The Patagonia region of Argentina and Chile consists of lower-elevation plateaus and rugged glaciers.Most plants in the alpine biome are small, and their leaves are stiff and strong to protect them from frost and drought. A biome is a community of animals and plants that spreads over an area with a relatively uniform climate. The coastal plains of northeastern Brazil are extremely dry. Southern Chile and Argentina, for example, have a temperate climate similar to … type of seasonal plant often used as a medicine or seasoning. Tim Gunther, Illustrator, Jeannie Evers, Emdash Editing An elevation of about 3,700 meters ( 12,300 feet ), insects, and capuchin with! 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