By John Leslie Dowe
Australian hands bargains an up-to-date and thorough systematic and taxonomic remedy of the Australian palm vegetation, masking 60 species in 21 genera. of those, fifty four species take place in continental Australia and 6 species at the off-shore territories of Lord Howe Island, Norfolk Island and xmas Island. Incorporating fresh advances in biogeographic and phylogenetic learn, Australian arms presents a entire creation to the palm kin Arecaceae, with experiences of botanical historical past, biogeography, phylogeny, ecology and conservation. Thorough descriptions of genera and species comprise notes on ecology and typification, and keys and distribution maps help with box reputation. colour pictures of behavior, leaf, flora, fruit and precise diagnostic characters additionally function for every species. This paintings is the end result of over two decades of analysis into Australian hands, together with vast field-work and exam of herbarium specimens in Australia, South-East Asia, Europe and america.
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Extra resources for Australian Palms: Biogeography, Ecology and Systematics
2000). indd 24 1/12/09 9:41:58 AM 3 – Historical biogeography 1893; Webb and Tracey 1972; Hoogland 1972; Rowe 2007). It has revealed that both low and high genetic diversity (Moran et al. 1989; Prider and Christophel 2000) occur in taxa distributed in northern Australia and New Guinea. The distribution of palms presently co-occurring in New Guinea and northern Australia can be partly explained by submergence of the Torres Strait land-bridge through rising sea-levels (Chivas et al. 2001; Prebble et al.
Only recently become established in Australia, with their closest relatives in New Guinea and central and western Malesia: this proposal will be further examined below. therefore may be interpreted as autochthonous elements if identiﬁcations are correct. indd 20 1/12/09 9:41:39 AM 3 – Historical biogeography N CLIMATE CHANGE SINCE THE LATE CRETACEOUS 1982; Truswell and Harris 1982; Truswell 1993; Frakes 1999; Johnson 2004). The moving landmasses may have retained their original biotic elements, and signiﬁcant exchange or radiation of other biotic elements occurred only when contact was made with other terranes (Morley 2002).
Australas. Palaeontols. 5: 295, Fig. 5D (1988); Monosulcites minutiscabratus McIntyre, New Zeal. J. Bot. 6: 201, Plate 6, ﬁgs 82–84 (1968). Holotype: New Zealand. 9 (GNS [NZ]). Arecipites otagoensis (Couper) Mildenhall & Pochnall, New Zealand Geological Survey Paleontological Bulletin 59: 37, Plate 6, Fig. 4 (1989); Monosulcites otagoensis Couper, New Zealand Geological Survey Paleontological Bulletin 32: 70, Plate 12, ﬁgs 13–16 (1960). Holotype: New Zealand. South Island, Central Otago, S125/500 B, Slide L886/4 (GNS [NZ]).