By William S. Hanson, Ioana A. Oltean
Historical information of vertical images and satellite tv for pc photos received for different reasons (mainly declassified army reconnaissance) provide massive capability for archaeological and old panorama learn. they supply a different perception into the nature of the panorama because it was once over part a century in the past, ahead of the damaging impression of later twentieth century improvement and extensive land use. they supply a top quality photographic checklist now not basically of the panorama at the moment, yet provide the possibility of the higher survival of is still reflecting its past heritage, even if happen as earthworks, cropmarks or soilmarks. those numerous resources of images additionally provide a chance to envision from the air components of Europe and past whose skies are nonetheless now not open to conventional archaeological aerial reconnaissance. millions of such pictures are held in files around the globe, yet their examine capability is going very mostly untapped. a first-rate goal of this quantity is to attract to wider consciousness the life, scope and capability entry to ancient archival aerial and satellite tv for pc photos, which will motivate their use in various archaeological and panorama examine. by way of drawing consciousness to this huge archival source, offering examples of its profitable software to archaeological/landscape questions, and supplying suggestion the best way to entry and utilise the source, the amount seeks to carry this fabric to wider awareness, show its large capability for archaeology, motivate its extra use and stimulate a brand new method of archaeological survey and the learn of panorama evolution the world over.
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Additional info for Archaeology from Historical Aerial and Satellite Archives
Many of the photographs are from the Second World War (Fig. 4), but there are also holdings for countries where there has since been military activity, such as Suez in 1956 or the Korean War (1949–1954). The collection contains a microfilm copy of all surviving original photographs and associated sortie plots and includes many millions of unique images – the original films having been destroyed. uk). With this knowledge and research into the deployment of particular squadrons in intelligence records at The National Archives at Kew (London), exact sortie references will lead to the identification of imagery.
The character of the historical archival photography is markedly different from that obtained through traditional archaeological aerial reconnaissance, which still depends on observer-directed flying. In the latter, the initial recognition and primary interpretation take place in the air, both in terms of whether a particular feature is recognised and recorded, and also in relation to the chosen flight path for the aircraft, thus compounding the serendipitous nature of the survey process. By contrast, historical archival imagery is primarily vertical block coverage which is more systematic, intensive and, often, quite extensive.
Interpreting aerial images: Developing best practice. In M. Forte, S. Campana, & C. ), Space, time, place. Third international conference on remote sensing in archaeology (BAR, International Series 2118, pp. 129–135). Oxford: Archaeopress. Parcak, S. H. (2009). Satellite remote sensing for archaeology. Abingdon/New York: Routledge. Rączkowski, W. (2004, September). Dusty treasure: Thoughts on a visit to The Aerial Reconnaissance Archives at Keele University (UK). AARGnews (The newsletter of the Aerial Archaeology Research Group) 29, 9–11.