Arabic Thought and Its Place in History - download pdf or read online

By De Lacy O'Leary

Well-documented learn of the mutual impression of Arabic and Western worlds throughout the heart a long time lines the transmission of Greek philosophy and technology to the Islamic cultures. a desirable portrait of medieval Muslim concept, it illustrates commonalities with Judaic and Christian teachings in addition to issues of divergence.

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Besides philosophy and theology we find a con- THE SYRIAC VERSION OF HELLENISM 39 and the two sciences of chemistry and astronomy which were treated as allied to it, for astronomy, regarded from the astrological point of view, was supposed to be closely associated with the conditions of life and death, of siderable interest in medicine Medical studies were especially attached to the school of Alexandria. Philosophy proper had been so largely taken over by theology health and disease. that the secular investigators were rather impelled to turn to the natural sciences and as a centre of medical and allied studies the ancient school of continued its development without Alexandria loss of continuity, but under changed conditions.

Some time before elosed, or rather this the school at Nisibis removed to Edassa. D. 363 32 ARABIC THOUGHT IN HISTORY the city of Nisibis had been handed over to the Persians as one of the conditions of the peace which closed the unfortunate war commenced by Julian, and the members of the school, retiring into Christian territory, had re-assernbled at Edessa, where a school was opened in 373, and thus Edessa in a Syriac speaking district but within the Byzantine Empire, became the centre of the vernacular speaking Syriac church.

Add. 14660 contains that on the categories), on " negation and " affirmation," on genus, species, and individual," " on the causes of the universe according to Aris" and minor totle In astronomy he has left essays. a tract " on the influence of the moon " which is based on the work of Galen (cf. Sachau, op. ) The writings of Sergius circulated amongst both Nestorians and Monophysites, all regarding him as a leading authority on medicine and logic, and in medicine it seems that he was the founder of a Syriac school which became the parent of Arabic medicine, certainly that school owed its impetus to him.

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