By Arno Lindner
The content material of this publication arises from the Equine nutrients convention - perform (ENUCO) 2007. the aim of the convention is to provide scientifically verified useful tricks and state-of-the-art wisdom on equine food and coaching. the themes handled during this ebook are: information on equine food, education and drugs (2005-06); noteworthy adjustments to the pony food specifications through the nationwide examine Council of united states; relevance and standardization of the phrases Glycaemic Index and Glycaemic reaction; the position of nutrients in colic; using herbs within the administration of hyperadrenocorticism and different hormonal ailments of horses; prognosis and administration of insulin resistance and equine metabolic syndrome (EMS) in horses; and food-allergy in horses
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Additional info for Applied equine nutrition and training: Equine NUtrition COnference (ENUCO) 2007
This is not a substantial increase but does ensure that horses eating a smaller amount of feed (for instance, horses on a high fat diet), still receive an adequate amount of copper. While it has been proposed that increasing the copper requirements substantially would prevent many developmental orthopedic diseases, the evidence supporting this is limited. Additionally, while most commercial feeds contain substantially higher concentrations of copper (often 40 to 50 ppm), the incidence of developmental orthopedic diseases (in particular, osteochondrosis) still remains high in segments of the horse industry.
Rapid fermentation will lead to the swift production of lactic acid in particular, and the lowering of the pH upsetting the bacterial / microbial balance. When this occurs and the pH drops below a certain critical point, bacteria that are not able to survive under such conditions may die and release endotoxins and other such compounds into the hindgut. In addition there may be overgrowth of certain bacteria that can survive in such conditions which in turn release/produce other compounds into the large intestine.
Given all the variation in age, height, breed, joint characteristics, and location, and given the small size of the control group compared to the treated group, one thing that could have strengthened the paper is information as to the description of the horses in each group. If each group had similar horses and if the groups were distributed equally between the three locations, it strengthens the results of the study. If not, the results can certainly be called into question. Regardless, studies like this are definitely needed to ascertain whether these products are efficacious and the authors are to be commended for trying to determine such.