By Phoebe Rich, Richard K. Scher
Ailments of the nail characterize a shockingly huge part of so much dermatologists' perform - and will current tough, occasionally intractable, scientific difficulties. Co-authored by way of one of many world's ultimate experts within the box, An Atlas of illnesses of the Nail presents specialist and authoritative suggestions on all features of prognosis and management.
A accomplished consultant to universal nail ailments, the booklet comprises anatomy and body structure of the nail unit, paronychia and onycholysis, nail fungal infections, nails in dermatologic illnesses, nails in systemic affliction, nail beauty chemistry, nail cosmetics, medical features, plus the remedy of nail problems and nail surgical procedure. analyzing the nail from each attitude, An Atlas of illnesses of the Nail offers you a visible connection with nail ailments supported through textual content protecting analysis and remedy.
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Extra info for An Atlas of Diseases of the Nail (The Encyclopedia of Visual Medicine Series)
Congenital onychodysplasia of the index fingers. J Hand Surg [Am] 1990;15:793–7 3. Prais D, Merlob P, Horey G. COIF syndrome: the diversity of clinical and radiological findings. Am J Med Genet 2002;107:179–80 4. Cetin M, Utas S, Unal, A, Altimbas M. Shedding of the nails due to chemotherapy (onychomadesis). J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 1998;11:193–4 5. Daniel CR III. Onycholysis: an overview. Semin Dermatol 1991;10:34–40 6. Wallace MS, Bowen WR, Guinn JD. Pathogenesis of onychoschizia (lamellar dystrophy).
It can be divided into several categories: partial versus complete, true versus apparent, and congenital versus acquired. True leukonychia occurs when the actual nail plate is white due to alterations of the nail plate keratinocytes. Apparent leukonychia is due to alterations in the nail bed, matrix or hyponychium that give the nail the white appearance. Punctate leukonychia is common and results from minor nail trauma to the nail in the vicinity of the nail matrix, resulting in nucleated keratinocytes in the nail, which appear as small white areas (Figure 60).
Melanonychia striata can be seen as a normal finding Figure 70 Red lunula Figure 71 Melanonychia due to a nail matrix nevus Figure 72 Benign melanonychia caused by zidovudine Figure 73 Melanonychia caused by vitamin B12 deficiency Figure 74 Laugier—Huntziger syndrome with longitudinal melanonychia and mucosal melanotic macules Chromonychias 57 Figure 75 Laugier—Huntziger syndrome in darkly pigmented individuals. If the diagnosis is in question, a biopsy of the nail is mandatory (Figure 76). Table 2 lists the causes of melanonychia.