Download PDF by Rupert Wilkinson: Aiding Students, Buying Students: Financial Aid in America

By Rupert Wilkinson

From the 1st scholarship donated to Harvard in 1643 to contemporary international of "enrollment administration" and federal offers and loans, the writer offers a full of life social and monetary historical past of the conflicting reasons of pupil reduction and makes proposals for the longer term. His examine for this publication is predicated on files and interviews at 131 private and non-private associations around the United States.In the phrases of Joe Paul Case, Dean and Director of economic reduction, Amherst university, "Wilkinson has mined the documents of dozens of associations to create a mosaic that info the growth of scholar the help of the seventeenth century to the current. He provides specific consciousness to the origins of need-based tips, from the charitable benevolence of early schools to the regulation-laden rules of the government. He offers due attention to institutional motive--he demanding situations the egalitarian platitudes of prosperous schools and questions the countervailing industry and monetary forces that could imperil need-based reduction at much less aggressive associations. via drawing on ratings of private interviews and exchanges of correspondence with relief practitioners, Wilkinson fleshes out contemporary a long time, aiding the reader to appreciate new traits within the provision of aid."

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As we will see later, private colleges have enjoyed more freedom from legal attacks on affirmative action than have state colleges and government programs. On most campuses by the 1990s, however, the goal of “diversity” had largely come to mean racial and ethnic diversity, or more precisely, getting more nonwhites and Hispanic Americans. The reasons for favoring specific minorities show how the rationales for a financial aid policy can accumulate, once the policy is established. In the wake of the civil rights movement, admissions preferences and extra aid went to African Americans out of guilt and a desire for social justice, a wish to make up for the oppressions of racism.

May include some with living father but giving no information on him. 13 Progressive tendencies notwithstanding, most grant aid went to the upper and middle classes, as they made up most of the students. This was broadly in line with two findings, two centuries apart, from Harvard. A study of Salem, Massachusetts, in the 1740s through the 1760s found that the families of local Harvard scholarship students were poorer than other Salem Harvard students but richer than most Salem families. 14 In both periods, scholarship aid required financial need, yet compared to the general population, almost all Harvard students, indeed college students as a whole, were relatively rich.

29 All this, though, was small stuff compared with the advance of higher education in the twentieth century. 30 There were two implications for student aid. First, the trends helped to justify student loans. Borrowing for college was increasingly a good investment, with a career payoff. Secondly, the sheer growth of college education meant that student aid acquired a larger constituency of support, Aid in History 41 and the increased importance of college education for careers strengthened the case for student aid.

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