By Joseph Tharamangalam
Ebook by means of Tharamangalam, Joseph
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Extra info for Agrarian Class Conflict: The Political Mobilization of Agricultural Labourers in Kuttanad, South India
These features, as will be seen, have been favourable to the organization of labour. 23 India, which had passed through a period of serious food shortages and had become dependent on Western countries to feed its population, was to be an important experimental ground for the package. Its strategy called for the injection of new high-yielding variety seeds (HYV's) and high-energy technology (chemical fertilizers, pumpsets, pesticides, tractors) in selected, favourable areas without any attempt to change the agrarian structure.
There are a total of 1,129 padasekharams in Kuttanad, ranging in size from 4 to 960 hectares. Of these 32 are kayal15 padasekharams which have been reclaimed from the lake. 16 Being deeper, the kayal areas present greater problems in bunding and draining water. However, the difference between these and the remaining karappadams is only one of degree, since all paddy cultivation in Kuttanad requires bunding and draining operations. This system of cultivation is known as punja cultivation in Kerala.
I have already referred to the acceptance of the family-planning programme by at least some sections of the population. A shopkeeper in Alleppey told me that now it was not uncommon to find young women buying family-planning devices openly from the shops—something that would be considered shocking in most other parts of India. 3 Sources: Census of India, 1971; Report of the Kuttanad Inquiry Commission. 79 Source: District Census Handbook, Alleppey, p. 48. 14 Source: Adapted from figures in District Census Handbook, Alleppey, p.