By Christine Ekholst
A Punishment for every legal is the 1st in-depth research of the way gender inspired Swedish medieval legislation. Christine Ekholst demonstrates how the legislations codes progressively and inconsistently brought ladies as attainable perpetrators for all critical crimes. The legislation exhibit that legislators not just anticipated women and men to dedicate kinds of crimes; additionally they punished women and men in numerous methods in the event that they have been convicted. The legislation regularly stipulated diverse equipment of executions for women and men; whereas males have been hanged or damaged at the wheel, ladies have been buried alive, stoned, or burned on the stake. A Punishment for every felony explores the historical past to the real legislative adjustments that happened while girls have been made in my opinion liable for their very own crimes.
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Additional resources for A Punishment for Each Criminal: Gender and Crime in Swedish Medieval Law
GL, Vådamålsbalken 32 §4, Byggningabalken 34 §1. UL, Manhelgdsbalken 43, 44, 53§1, Byalagsbalken 7 & §1–2. HL, Manhelgdsbalken 36. SdmL, Byggningabalken 6 §3, 20 §2, 31, Tjuvabalken 13§1. VmL, Manhelgdsbalken 25 §8, 34, Byalagsbalken 6 §2. DL, Byggningabalken 36, 44§1, 45§1. Bjärköarätten 2, 3 §1. MESt, Byggningabalken 1, Tjuvabalken 13 & §1. MEL, Byggningabalken 9 §1, 22 §2, 29 & §1, 37, Tjuvabalken 12 & §1, 34. KrL, Byalagsbalken 10 §2, 38, 39 & §1, Tjuvabalken 13, 35 & §1. DL, Byggningabalken 44 §1.
She is both a representative of her gender and a human being—both subordinate and equal. This dichotomy begins, and is created by, the female body. 102 These tendencies provide the framework for some of the contradictions we find in Swedish medieval law regarding female criminal responsibility. A woman was seen both as a subordinate without responsibility and as an individual with the possibility, as a Christian, to expiate her sins and pay for her crimes. The changes toward individualisation also affected the legal sphere.
The Östgöta Law states that if a man comes home drunk, full of devilry, and intentionally smashes his n eighbour’s 28 29 30 Bjärköarätten 10 & §1, 23. The same type of provisions can be found in the younger town law. MESt, Tjuvabalken 6, 18. UL, Byalagsbalken 29 §2. SdmL, Bylagsbalken 33 §3. HL, Byalagsbalken 24 §2. HL does not state that the perpetrator shall be sentenced as a thief. MEL, Byggningabalken 38 §1. 31 The Östgöta Law’s regulation is not very original; in fact, most of the laws contain provisions on intentional destruction of fences.