A Nationality of Her Own: Women, Marriage, and the Law of by Candice Lewis Bredbenner PDF

By Candice Lewis Bredbenner

In 1907, the government declared that any American lady marrying a foreigner needed to think the nationality of her husband, and thereby denationalized millions of yank ladies. This hugely unique examine follows the dramatic diversifications in women's nationality rights, citizenship legislations, and immigration coverage within the usa through the past due innovative and interwar years, putting the heritage and impression of "derivative citizenship" in the vast context of the women's suffrage flow. Making awesome use of fundamental resources, and using unique records from many major women's reform enterprises, executive companies, Congressional hearings, and federal litigation concerning women's naturalization and expatriation, Candice Bredbenner presents a fresh modern feminist standpoint on key ancient, political, and criminal debates in relation to citizenship, nationality, political empowerment, and their implications for women's felony prestige within the usa. This attention-grabbing and well-constructed account contributes profoundly to a massive yet little-understood point of the women's rights flow in twentieth-century the United States.

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On Nov. 6, 1917, the Naturalization Bureau in New York City was deluged with married women seeking citizenship. The women were informed at that time that they must await their husband's naturalization. Suffragists wanted to regulate, not exclude, foreign-born women's appearance at the polls. " "Americanizing Our New Women Citizens," Life and Labor 7 (May 1918): 97. v... " "Italian Women in New York Tenements," WJ, July 23, 1904, 236. ― 52 ― learn to take full advantage of the benefits of living in a democratic and modern society, but her independent naturalization was an essential step in that civic education.

1922): 28. [31] Hearings before the House Committee on Immigration and Naturalization, Proposed Changes in Naturalization Laws: Education and Americanization , pt. , Oct. 16, 1919, 12–13. ― 56 ― riage to a citizen was sufficient preparation for the franchise. Derivative citizenship sustained the belief that husbands invariably dictated their wives' interests, opinions, and actions—a myth equal rights advocates had to banish in order to win independent citizenship and votes for women. NAWSA maintained that it acted in the best interests of all women when the organization urged Congress to abandon the practice of derivative naturalization before the ratification of the Anthony Amendment—a move that would inevitably end or delay thousands of women's chances to become naturalized voters.

V... [44] "Says Our Women Influence Europe. Rev. Dr. MacArthur Talks on Good and Bad Features of International Marriages," New York Times, 20 Jan. 1908, 6. [45] "American Women of Title Scorned," New York Times, 29 Jan. 1908, 3. McGavin was promoting a bill to tax the property of expatriate women. , Women Are Wonderful. : Riverside Press, 1956), 50, 51, 146. ― 64 ― Woman's rights groups were uncharacteristically unprepared to thwart this major legislative move by their national government. Perhaps they did not try to shield titled women from these blasts of opprobrium because they silently condoned the women's indictment.

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