By T. C. Smout
The 1st glossy historical past of Scottish woodlands, this hugely illustrated quantity explores the altering courting among bushes and folks from the time of Scotland's first cost, targeting the interval 1500 to 1920. Drawing on paintings in typical technological know-how, geography and heritage, in addition to at the authors' personal examine, it offers an obtainable and readable account that balances social, monetary and environmental components. commencing chapters describe the early heritage of the woodlands. The ebook is then divided into chapters that think about conventional makes use of and administration, the impression of outsiders at the pine woods and the oakwoods within the first section of exploitation, and the impression of industrialization. Separate chapters are dedicated to case reviews of administration at Strathcarron, Glenorchy, Rothiemurchus, and on Skye. (10/1/05)
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Extra info for A History of the Native Woodlands of Scotland, 1500-1920
D) selective cutting of marketable trees, leaving the remainder standing. (e) clear-felling of all trees except for selected seed sources, for example ‘granny pines’. (f) forms of wood pasture that allow animals into the wood, usually on a seasonal basis. All six methods (some are not mutually exclusive) are capable of being reproduced from generation to generation in a perfectly sustainable way, and will come to be associated with relatively stable and diverse ecosystems within the woods. For them to be stable and successful, however, it will be necessary either to enclose the woods for a period against stock, ‘haining’ as it was called, or to conduct operations with a relatively low density of grazing and browsing animals controlled by strict shepherding and herding.
27; I. G. Simmons, ‘Vegetation change during the Mesolithic in the British Isles: some amplifications’, in F. M. ), Climate Change and Human Impact on the Landscape (London, 1993), pp. 109–18; C. Caseldine and J. , pp. 119–31. P. D. ), Climatic Change and Human Impact, pp. 217–25; Tipping, ‘Form and fate’, p. 15; J. Fenton, ‘Native woods in the Highlands: thoughts and observations’, Scottish Forestry, 51 (1997), pp. 160–4. C. R. Wickham-Jones, Scotland’s First Settlers (London, 1994), p. 61. 28 10716 EUP Native 31/7/07 9:29 am Page 29 Phil's G4 Phil's G4:Users:phil:Public: PHIL'S JOBS:10 E XTENT AND CHARACTER OF THE WOODS BEFORE 1500 (analogous to the Dutch elm disease of our own time) or a combination of factors.
For the Highland Scots the trees were fuel, and huge gaps appeared in the forest canopy as feuding clans burned the woods of their enemies. Yet still the Great Wood stretched for miles, a sanctuary for wolves and renegades alike until the English arrived to smoke them out . . the crushing of Bonnie Prince Charlie’s Highland rebels signalled the end of the glory of Caledon. 12 By then, however, scholars had long begun to reassess the details of the traditional picture, conveyed in turn so compellingly by Boece, Nairne and Fraser Darling.