Read e-book online A Companion to Mexican Studies (Monografias A) PDF

By Peter Standish

This better half quantity lines the evolution of the main artistic elements of Mexican tradition from pre-Columbian instances to the current. Dealing in flip with the cultures of Mesoamerica, the colonial interval, the onset of independence and the fashionable period, the writer explores Aztec arts, the position of the appearing arts within the means of evangelisation, manifestations of cultural dependence, of the quest for nationwide id, and the fight for modernity, drawing examples from such diversified actions as structure, portray, track, dance, literature, movie and media. there's additionally a quick account of the special features of Mexican Spanish. Maps, a chronology, a bibliographical essay and a long bibliography around off this complete consultant, making it an critical learn device for these heavily attracted to Mexican tradition. Peter Standish is Professor of Spanish at one of many divisions of the collage of North Carolina process.

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It is said that in the winter of 1531 the Virgin appeared at Tepeyac, near Mexico City, to a Christian Indian labourer, Juan Diego, speaking to him in Nahuatl. She instructed him to exhort the authorities to build a shrine in her honour, and gave him some roses to carry in his cloak to the bishop. When Juan unwrapped the cloak in front of him, instead of the roses there appeared a beautiful mestiza image of the Virgin. 3 The fact that as far as the Spaniards were concerned the site was one where heretical and idolatrous practises had been carried out perhaps made them reluctant to acknowledge the potential power of this legend in the Mexican psyche, but in 1737 the Virgen de Guadalupe was declared patroness of Mexico City, in 1756 Pope Benedict XIV extended her patronage to the whole of New Spain, in 1910 Pius X declared her ‘Celestial Patroness of Latin America’, and in 1945 Pius XII elevated her to ‘Empress of the Americas’.

Previous Spanish explorations along the Gulf and Caribbean coasts had generated rumours of fabulous civilizations and whetted the Spanish appetite for conquest. Cortés himself was an educated man from a comfortable background who had attended the University of Salamanca, though he abandoned his studies at the age of nineteen in order to seek a fortune in the New World. He began his colonial life as a settler in La Española (Hispaniola) and while there ingratiated himself with the future governor of Cuba, Diego Velázquez.

Some of the early friars, recognizing that this was the case, lamented that instead of a thousand deities, the Indians now had a thousand and one. In art and architecture (of which more below) we see material reflections of this assimilative, syncretic process. The most significant example of cultural syncretism is the phenomenon of the Virgen de Guadalupe. It is said that in the winter of 1531 the Virgin appeared at Tepeyac, near Mexico City, to a Christian Indian labourer, Juan Diego, speaking to him in Nahuatl.

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