By Paul F State
A quick background of France bargains a huge evaluation of the country's heritage, from the prehistoric Neanderthals to the current country on the middle of the ecu Union, whereas additionally exploring the country's geography, tradition, and society. Loaded with black-and-white images, maps, and informative sidebars, this new source paints an in depth photo for readers attracted to this eu kingdom. assurance comprises: -Migration and eventual defeat of the Gauls through the Romans less than Julius Caesar -Wave of invasions of Germanic tribes from valuable and jap Europe -Christianity and the dominion of the Franks -Joan of Arc and the making of the monarchy -The French Revolution -Republican rule -Food and style -Two global wars and the interwar years -Regeneration and transformation -Contemporary tradition and rest -Issues of cultural assimilation and multiculturalism within the twenty first century.
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Extra resources for A Brief History of France
Intent on reducing dependence on fossil fuels and, with no indigenous supplies of oil, acutely conscious of its vulnerability to a cutoff of foreign sources in the wake of the oil crisis of 1973, the country embarked in the mid-1970s on an ambitious investment program in nuclear energy. By the early 21st century, some 59 nuclear power stations, mostly along the Loire and Rhône Rivers, were supplying 87 percent of the country’s electricity, which makes France the largest user of this energy source among developed countries.
These years mark the start of the Upper Paleolithic era, which lasted for some 20,000 years, during which prehistoric humans reached their highest level of achievement, and for which abundant evidence exists in France. The population expanded, technology advanced, and the first glimmerings of social organization and culture appeared. Small bands of hunter-gatherers, perhaps 25 to 100 individuals, emerged, tracking game and collecting nuts, leafy vegetables, insects, and fruits such as berries, which they used for food and medicine.
E. , herdsmen and warriors from north of the Alps introduced into France a knowledge of ironworking. Equipped with a superior military technology in the swords made of iron—the hardest metal yet—that they wielded, they swept all before them, bringing what prehistorians have called the Halstatt culture— named after its type site in Austria—to areas that encompass about twothirds of France today. Only Urnfield peoples in the southwest and the bronze workers of Brittany resisted their advance. e. By now, plows, carts, and horses were in use, permitting expansion of cultivation into upland areas.